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The United States Census Bureau (USCB; officially the Bureau of the Census) is the principal agency responsible for producing data about the American people and economy.
The primary mission of the Census Bureau is conducting the U.S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U.S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U.S. Economic Census, and the Current Population Survey. Furthermore, economic and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government typically contain data produced by the Census Bureau. The various censuses and surveys conducted by the Census Bureau help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and help states, local communities, and businesses make informed decisions.
The Census Bureau is situated within the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.
(Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Census_Bureau, 8/11/2015)
The following are primary agencies (other than Census) that provide significant statistical data. It comes from FedStats (for a longer and more detailed list, please visit their site).
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