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FW 467/567: Antarctic Science and Conservation

Why Use a Citation Style?

The mark of a good bibliography is that someone on the other side of the world will be able to find the articles you read from the information you provide in your bibliography. And it makes you look like a smart researcher.  The burden is on you to be clear

Essential information for a citation :

  • Authorship
  • Title & subtitle
  • Name of journal or book
  • Volume number
  • Inclusive page numbers
  • Year of publication
  • Month or number if volume is not paged consecutively

CSE Citation Style

The CSE (Council of Science Editors) Style is commonly used in the sciences. Online help for using this format is provided in the links below:

Council of Science Editors (CSE) Name Year Style Examples

Journal Articles:

Brasso RL, Polito MJ, Lynch HJ, Naveen R, Emslie SD. 2012. Penguin eggshell membranes reflect homogeneity of mercury in the marine food web surrounding the Antarctic Peninsula. Science of the Total Environment. 439:165–171.

Treasure A, Ruzicka J, Moloney C, Gurney L, Ansorge I. 2015. Land-Sea Interactions and Consequences for Sub-Antarctic Marine Food Webs. Ecosystems. 18:752–768.


Vincent WF, Laybourn-Parry J. 2008. Polar lakes and rivers : limnology of Arctic and Antarctic aquatic ecosystems. Oxford (NY): Oxford University Press. 327 p.


U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2015. Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations. Migratory Bird Program - Conserving America’s Birds. [accessed 2015 Sep 30].

CSE Style - Websites

Websites can be tricky to cite. Some have clear authors and others don't. Adjust your citation accordingly.

Format for a website without a clear author:

Title of Homepage. Date of publication. Edition. Place of publication: publisher; [date updated; date accessed]. URL.

Format for a website with a clear author (usually these are blogs):

Author's name. Date of publication. Title of post. Title of blog. [accessed date]. URL.

However, sometimes not all of that information is available. Include whatever information you can find, in that basic order.

Here are several examples of website references:

APSnet: plant pathology online. c1994–2005. St Paul (MN): American Phytopathological Association; [accessed 2005 Jun 20].

Scott M. 2009. Sea Ice. NASA Earth Observatory. [accessed 2015 Oct 1].

U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2015. Migratory Bird Hunting Regulations. Migratory Bird Program - Conserving America’s Birds. [accessed 2015 Sep 30].

Ward P. c2001-2015. Antarctica - Pictures, Facts and Travel. Cool Antarctica. [accessed 2015 Oct 1].

For in-text references, include only the first word or two of the title, followed by an ellipsis.

Example: (U.S. Fish...2015)

For more information, see this site: