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There are certain basic things you need to cite just about any source, using just about any format:
There are also certain things that must be included for specific types of works. For example, for an article or a book chapter, you would provide page numbers. For a website, you would provide the URL.
The moment when you are most likely to have easy access to all of this information? When you find it in the first place. Know then what you need to take note of to cite it effectively later.
There are a number of tools you can use to format your citations during the writing process.
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Zotero — Zotero is an open-source citation manager that works as an extension to the Firefox and Chrome web browsers. You can find out more about it in this help guide to Zotero, created by OSU Librarians.
EndNote — EndNote is a desktop citation manager. It is free for students while at OSU (but it is not free for faculty). To find out more about EndNote, check this help guide created by OSU Librarians.
Microsoft Word — Newer versions of Microsoft Word (2007 and beyond) include built-in functions to help you manage your citations. Find out more about these functions with this help sheet, created by Microsoft.
Learn how to keep up with new information on your topic by:
Tips and techniques are on the Keeping Current with Research guide.
Do you use citation management software like EndNote or Zotero or those built into the databases? Even though you can automatically generate a bibliography pretty easily these days, it doesn't mean it will be correct. Citation management programs make plenty of mistakes and you need to be able to spot them and correct them. This webinar is all about the American Psychological Association style manual (6th edition) and how to cite your sources correctly and spot errors that can lose you points on your paper. Please note: Many instructors and journals will ask that you use APA 7th edition.
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