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Style and Citation Guides

Introduction to style guides with links to citation machine.

American Psychological Association (APA)

APA Style Manual 7th editionThe Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition) outlines the rules for APA style. APA is widely used across the social and behavioral sciences, including education and business.

APA style prioritizes the publication date and the author's surname. This reflects the importance placed on recent information in the fields that use this system. In fact, this system requires you to include a publication date in in-text citations, right in the body of the paper.

APA style endorses the singular pronoun "they" because it is inclusive of all people and helps writers avoid making assumptions about gender. If you do not know the pronouns of a person being described, reword the sentence to avoid a pronoun or use "they".

The Publication Manual is available in the Valley Library at call number BF76.7.P83 2010b.

APA Quick Links

American Psychological Association or APA publications require this format and it is one of the more common citation formats for the those writing in the social sciences.  Online help for using this format is provided at the links below.  

APA Style Blog/FAQ

The Publication Manual of the APA does not address all formats, particularly social media. if you need to cite a tweet or Facebook entry, you can go to the APA Style Blog. APA experts explain how to cite unusual formats and respond to questions. This is a an excellent place to get your questions answered.


For the APA style, you will need a DOI if available. Read more about DOIs and how to find them on the DOIs tab.