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I title this piece "Persevere" in loving memory of OSU Professor and my master's thesis advisor, Dr. Robert Iltis. He passed away March 2019, the day before filming this video; he was my guiding light.
This video captures what Dr. Iltis taught me: although people may hide from the truth, good research uncovers and elevates that which might otherwise be forgotten. Therefore, it is incumbent upon the writers of history to persevere till the truth is revealed and the past elevated.
In Nazi Germany, 1938, Der Stürmer publishing house, under the control of Julius Streicher, published Der Giftpilz or The Poisonous Mushroom; an anti-Semitic children's book. Disseminated in the thousands, Der Giftpilz became infamously known as a children's book so grotesque it could be, and in fact was, admitted as evidence in the Nuremberg Trials. This research explores the totalizing nature of the Jewish question and its usage as explanatory backdrop towards the manipulation of children. Congruently, this study seeks to expose this artifact's rhetorical function through the use of Ernest Bormann's Fantasy Theme Analysis (FTA). This study employs FTA as a means of exposing the symbols and narratives behind an ideology that Der Giftpilz aimed at children. Particularly this study illuminates a child version of Nazi ideology that is utterly delusory, but at the same time instructive, and corrective. In addition, this study also explores cultural identity, specifically the formation of identity through alienation. Lastly, this study could have implications on similar rhetorical research as the world comes to understand child propaganda and its implications.
As a Black, multiracial scholar, I have a responsibility to approach my work critically as a scholar-activist engaged in seeking liberation from status quo (Monteiro-Ferreira & Asante, 2014; Burgess & Agozino, 2011; hooks, 1994; Hudson-Weems, 1997; Pratt-Clarke, 2014; Rendón, 2009; Urrieta, 2009). This, for me, is showing up Black in a white space. Similarly, in the visual, the fist is Black positioned within a white space representing me: my writing is Black, my thoughts are Black, my conversation is Black, my research is Black. Particularly at a historically white institution, the work I want and need to do differ from historically white and traditional methods represented by the sharp contrast between the white background and the Black fist.
Secondly, in terms of the white background, higher education in the U.S. was built with the exclusion of and disdain for Black people (Wilder, C. S., 2013; Dumas, 2016). Due to its position within hegemonic U.S. systems, U.S. educational institutions are built on the white experiences centering Eurocentric and white-centric ideologies, epistemologies, theories, and methodologies (Scheurich, J. J., 2002, Sandoval, 2000; Tuhiwai Smith, 2002; Zuberi & BonillaSilva, 2008; Monteiro-Ferreira & Asante, 2014).... This foundation of and current operations of whiteness is represented in the white in the background and throughout in the visual.
Finally, the words filling within the fist are the journal articles, book, and book chapter titles from my bibliography without repeating articles and prepositions.... These titles and words presented throughout the fist are orange. I am working on completing my third degree from OSU and am a Beaver through and through.... Together this visual represents me and how I show up.
I elected here to pool the words from the titles of works cited in my dissertation proposal for use in the writing of five haiku poems. This process parallels how natural selection promotes certain combinations of alleles and genes over others out of the pool of genetic variation. Each poem represents a theme, theoretical result, or a motif that echoes in the plant-pollinator and evolutionary ecology literature that provide the foundation for my work.
Poem 1: One-to-one
This first haiku is about the well-recognized potential for coevolution in two closely-interacting populations, such as a plant with a single pollinator that relies solely on the plant for its food source. The potential for reciprocal natural selection and coevolution in more ‘diffuse’ (many plants with many pollinators) interaction networks is just beginning to be recognized (e.g. Guimareas et al. 2017).
Poem 2: The geographic mosaic
John Thompson’s seminal work on the Geographic Mosaic Theory of Coevolution (Thompson 2005) has prompted a large body of empirical tests on coevolutionary ‘hotspots’ and ‘coldspots.’ We hope to someday test whether pollinator recognition exists in a geographic mosaic among populations of the same species (i.e. present in some populations but not in others), or whether it is fixed across all populations.
Poem 3: Untitled
While common structural patterns have emerged in the study of plant-pollinator networks, another common theme is the spatial and temporal variability in interactions (e.g. Alarcón et al. (2008)). These are dynamic and complex communities.
Poem 4: Optimal?
While theory would predict broader use of resources when resources are scarce (as the refrigerator gets emptier and you get hungrier, suddenly that half-eaten bagel doesn’t look so bad), a few authors have shown increased pollinator specialization and flower fidelity when floral resources are scarce (e.g. Brosi and Briggs (2013)).
Poem 5: Learn to love yourself
Many plants are hermaphroditic and can reproduce through the joining of male and female gametes from the same flower, called ‘selfing.’ When pollinator services are unreliable (among other conditions), selfing can be highly adaptive. Many plant populations have evolved extremely high selfing rates which are often accompanied by reduced investment in attracting pollinators. Thus, the selfing-syndrome is often characterized by small, dull flowers.
Botany & Plant Pathology
Much of my research is based on images captured by two instruments on a pair of satellites maintained by NASA. The satellites orbit the earth and produce at least one image of nearly every place on the earth every day. I use these data to study how snow cover in the Western United States is related to rivers, water and human’s use of water. When I thought about the sources in my bibliography and the way that my research data is collected, I thought it would be interesting to display a portion of my bibliography in a similar way to how snow cover looks in the images I use for my research. By using a stationary camera mounted on a tripod and natural lighting I attempted to evoke similar conditions to those present in satellite imagery. Variations in brightness with solar angle, cloud cover, terrain features and sensor errors all contribute to images that like those seen in the video, contain shadows and varying brightness, making both sets of images complex, varied and ephemeral.
The image of a boat surfing waves over a turbulent sea reflects the way in which a business owner, company, researcher or employee has to work in a highly competitive world. The boat represents a researcher, entrepreneur or company. This image portrays the journey of Medtronic's founder, Earl Bakken. He also was a researcher who found and applied knowledge at some point in time.
The boat surfs three colored waves: the past, present and future. The meaning of the color is same one as the that of a traffic signal. The past wave is a very challenging wave and is identified with the red color. This stage is characterized by looking for as much information as possible. This will allow us to stop and think about our research process before continuing. There is nothing defined and there are many doubts and unknown facts that need to be clarified. Earl Bakken also faced and overcame a similar stage when he founded Medtronic in 1949. I showed some facts and pictures of what he experienced in the video.
The yellow wave is labeled as the present. This wave allows the researcher to continue the journey, but caution should be considered when relating new information with the existing one. Doing this task correctly could lead the researcher to select relevant information that clarifies a hypothesis or goals. There is nothing for sure in this stage, but there are opportunities that may emerge. As a company, Medtronic experiences this every day when it tries to develop technology, therapies and creates more value in the market.
The future wave is a challenging and risky wave. It reflects that the researcher has all the elements that are needed to complete a project. The researcher just need to gather all the information found and apply the known knowledge to get results. Green color is used to emphasize that there are enough elements to continue working under challenging circumstances. As you can see in the video, this stage is an exciting one for Medtronic and Earl Bakken. The company has merged and acquired more than 30 companies that will allow it to develop the medical technology of the future. This will allow Medtronic to continue working during the next years.
The innovation wave is orange colored because it is a mixture of the past and present waves and is above any other wave. This is the most challenging wave that any researcher, business owner or company can experience. One need meaningful elements to create something new and valuable to the market. My research and sources identified how the company's structure, strategic plans, management and investments are interrelated in such as way that innovation is adapted as a cultural factor in the company. As a researcher this is not an easy task. Medtronic has invested significant financial resources and willingness to foster innovation in their day-to-day operations.
The sunset represents the culmination of Earl Bakken's life and his journey with us in this world, leaving us his most remarkable achievement, Medtronic.
—Wilberth Gibran Santa Cruz Ruiz
My dataset is chronologically organized and divvied into published and unpublished sources. I decided to pick out the first and last five sources from both the published and unpublished sources. To be able to consider hidden trends over time within the titles of the twenty selected sources, I believed it would be best to include the titles of each source (as is) on a timeline; as illustrated in slides 2 and 4. Timelines are helpful to unveil patterns that may have not been understood otherwise. The title of a source is useful for finding the source, but also for conveying the main point and focus. The titles that are displayed in slides 2 and 4 also show us that titles themselves portray temporal information about fonts, and the use of a typewriter versus computer. By portraying the titles of ten published sources in a timeline (slide 2), I was able to see beyond the published sources ranging from 1919-2018. Additionally, I was able to notice a fifty-one-year gap from 1920-1971 between published sources included in my study. I was also able to contrast the frequency of published articles at one in 1919 versus four in 2018.
By portraying the titles of ten unpublished sources in a timeline (slide 4), I was able to see beyond the unpublished sources ranging from 1981-2017. Additionally, I was able to notice that unpublished sources seemed to be written at a higher frequency than the published sources. For example, the first five unpublished sources span from 1981-1988. The first five published sources span from 1919-1975. Slide 6 focuses on the frequency by year of published and unpublished sources. It was interesting to see that the first unpublished source was recorded 62 years after the first published source on diversity and inclusion in natural resources. Slide 6 shows the general trend regarding the increasing frequency of sources published per year since there were four sources in both 2016 and 2018. Slides 3 and 5 include a title analysis that focuses on aspects such as who, what and where. I found this interesting because the subjects (i.e. who) seemed to become more ambiguous over time. For example, early on, the subjects were women, minorities, and foreign students. Overtime, this changed to urban communities and university students.
Forestry, Ecosystems, & Society
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