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The Journal of Wildlife Management (JWM) author guidelines outlines the rules for creating in-text citations and the Literature Cited section.
Many journals have their own style. To appropriately follow the style, you have to match their punctuation, capitalization, and order. It can feel tedious. But using the style of your discipline helps it make you look like you know what you're doing.
Unfortunately, many online citation generators (e.g., Citation Machine, EasyBib, or Zotero) make mistakes in the JWM style. Take the time to make sure your citations are correctly formatted.
First, to correctly format a citation in JWM style, you need to know the type of source. But there are certain rules that apply to all JWM citations in your reference list:
EXAMPLES: Elk of North America: ecology and management
or Characterization of the North American beaver
EXAMPLE: Journal of Wildlife Management
Here are the pieces that are needed for all JWM citations. Note that for journal articles, volume and page number are needed.*
Note that for books, the publisher and place are needed.
*Many citation styles use both a volume and issue number. However, the JWM style only asks for an issue number if the pages of each issue are numbered separately. This is rarely done - most journals start numbering the pages of the subsequent volume in a particular year right where they left off from the previous issue. For example, the first page number in volume 2 might be 131.
Note - instead of a range of page numbers just one electronic page number is given.
JWM uses a parenthetical in-text citation containing author(s) last name(s) and publication year.
|If the author(s) is named in the sentence, only include the publication year in the parenthetical citation. Always include the period to end the sentence after the last parentheses.||Ripple found that many carnivores are at risk and heavily managed by humans (2014).|
Include both authors' last names
(Bankston and Meador 2015).
|3 or more authors||
Use the first author's last name followed by et al. to indicate other authors.
(Foster et al. 2019).
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